Cissus Discolor Care and Propagation

Cissus Discolor Care and Propagation

Cissus discolor plants, commonly named rex begonia vines, belong to the family Vitaceae. Also known as tapestry vines, these plants are native to Southeast Asian countries including Vietnam, Thailand and Indonesia. These herbaceous vines have dark green leaves with mottled white markings, and dark red, angled stems. They are popular indoor plants but are quite difficult to care for, so be sure to pay attention to their requirements for optimum health. 

Cissus Discolor Plant Care 

Cissus discolor prefers bright, indirect light or filtered light. It thrives in warm temperatures, and does well when placed in an east- or west-facing window with temperatures around 70 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit. During the winter, its ideal temperature is around 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. 

These plants do not like sitting in dry soil; if they do, they will quickly wither. See to it that the soil does not dry out completely between watering. To check if it is time to water them, stick your finger at least an inch into the soil. It is time to water if the soil feels dry and the pot starts to feel light, but make sure that excess water can drain out. 

Water your plants sparingly during winter and wait for the soil to dry out between watering, but do not fertilize. Misting will help them stay healthy by increasing their humidity. Mist at least daily, especially in dry periods and in winter. You could also use a humidity tray or a humidifier, or place the plants with other humidity-loving plants, since grouping them together can increase humidity. 

Cissus discolor plants require well-draining, nutrient-rich soil. The ideal soil mix for them is about 50 percent regular potting mix, 10 percent peat moss and 40 percent perlite or pumice for extra drainage. Fertilize at least every three to four weeks during spring, summer and fall, and transfer the plants to new pots at least every two years. 

These climbing vines should be trimmed to help shape them as they grow on a pole, trellis or in a hanging basket. 

Cissus Discolor Propagation 

Cuttings are the best way to propagate these plants. You can take the cuttings when grooming your plants during early spring or late autumn. When choosing the cuttings to propagate, select those stems that are partially woody, and avoid those that are still deep red or completely tan in color. 

Steps for propagating with cuttings

  • First, dip the cuttings in root hormone powder and plant them in porous soil. Use regular potting soil mixed with peat and sand. 
  • Next, water the cuttings and cover them with a clear plastic bag. Be sure to poke several holes for ventilation. 
  • Place the pots near a heat source and monitor them daily to make sure the soil does not dry out. In about four weeks you will begin to notice the growth of roots.
  • When new growth appears, remove the plastic bag. A month after removing the plastic, the young plants should be ready for transplanting to new pots. Three to six plants may grow together in a large pot. 

Cissus discolor plant features

  • Height and spread – Average height is three to six feet, but these plants can reach up to 10 feet. The spread is about six to 20 inches. 
  • Leaves – Each mature leaf is about three to five inches long and two to four inches wide. 
  • Flowers – The plants have small, yellow-to-off-white flowers that bloom on warm days. 
  •  Toxicity – These plants are non-toxic, but ingesting them could have adverse effects so keep the kids and pets away from them. 

Conclusion 

Cissus discolor plants, or rex begonia vines, are sought-after among plant growers because of their dark green, shiny leaves that have pearlescent silver markings and red undersides. These plants can grow up to six feet, but can be difficult to care for, so utmost attention should be given for them to flourish. Most important for these herbaceous vines is high humidity and well-draining soil.

Image: istockphoto.com / joloei