Heart Leaf Philodendron Care And Propagation

Heart Leaf Philodendron Care And Propagation

Heart leaf philodendron, with the scientific name Philodendron hederaceum, are evergreen perennial vines that are very easy to cultivate. They are native to tropical America and popular for their heart-shaped leaves and trailing vines. They are also sought-after indoor plants because they can filter gaseous toxins from the air. This article will teach you a bit more about these plants, including how to successfully care for and propagate them.

Heart leaf philodendron: Care and propagation 

Heart leaf philodendron care

Heart leaf philodendrons do best in areas with indirect sunlight, but will also be just fine in more or less any lighting conditions. They can also adjust to low-light areas, although their foliage will not be as glossy or vibrant. However, keep them away from direct sunlight to avoid sunburn. These plants can also thrive in most environments, but be sure that the soil is not left waterlogged. 

Before watering, check that the top half-inch of soil is dry, especially during cold weather. Mist the leaves and wipe them down with a cloth to remove dust and prevent pest infestations. These plants will do well in any quality of potting soil, as long as it is well-draining. You can also mix perlite, sterilized garden loam or coarse sand, and peat moss to come up with an ideal potting mix.

You will need to repot your plants in larger pots if they become rootbound or outgrow their pots. Water them thoroughly the day before repotting them to reduce stress and ensure an easier transition. Prune any stunted growth and trim the plant to a desired length and size. Check the root ball for any signs of rotting, and gently separate overgrown roots to stimulate new growth. 

Heart leaf philodendrons tend to turn yellow and droop when overwatered; this could be due to you giving too much water at one time, or from waterlogged soil caused by poor drainage. If you notice that the plants are wilting, however, this is most likely due to underwatering. Black stems are usually due to rot or root disease, which is caused by fungi. Overwatering is also a great contributor to root rot.

If the vines become leggy, this is usually due to insufficient light. In this case, prune off the affected vines by snipping them off above a node, and move the plant to a location that gets more light. Pests like fungus gnats, spider mites, mealybugs and scale insects may also attack your plants, and can be treated using insecticidal soap or neem oil. 

Heart leaf philodendron propagation 

Common methods of propagating heart leaf philodendron:

1. Water propagation 

Cut about a quarter-inch below a node on a section of a vine that includes a few leaves, using sharp, sterile scissors. Be sure to include the node in the cutting, since new roots will sprout from there. Place the cutting in a clear jar of room-temperature water with the node below the water’s surface. Remove any leaves that are under the water. 

Next, place the cutting in an area with medium to bright, indirect light. Add more water to the jar when the level drops, and change the water if it starts getting murky. Roots will start to sprout within a matter of days, but it will take weeks before you can transfer the cutting to the soil. 

Once the roots are about three inches long, you can transfer the cutting into a permanent pot. Give it a good watering and allow it to adjust to its new environment. 

2. Soil propagation 

Follow the same procedure as for water propagation, by cutting about a quarter-inch below a node on a section of vine that has a few leaves. However, instead of placing the cutting in water, plant it directly in a pot with well-draining soil. You can also stick it back into the same pot with the mother plant if you prefer. At least one node should be under the soil, so that roots can sprout from it. 

Place the pot with the cutting in an area with medium to bright, indirect light. Keep the soil moist as the roots develop, but make sure it is not totally wet. You can place a clear plastic bag over the top of the pot to lock in more humidity, but open it for a while each day to let in some fresh air.

It will take a few weeks before a new root system develops. Test for roots by gently tugging on the cutting. If there is resistance, it means that a root system has developed.  

There is another soil propagation method, by which you simply place the entire vine cutting so that it is laying on top of the surface of the soil. The nodes should be facing downward, into the soil. If necessary, you can temporarily fasten the vine to the soil with paper clips. Keep the soil moist but not wet, and place the pot in bright, indirect light. Place a clear plastic bag over the top to lock in vital humidity, but open it a little each day to let in the fresh air. 

Conclusion 

Heart leaf philodendrons are evergreen perennial vines native to tropical America. They are easy to cultivate and also pull pollutants from the air. They thrive in bright, indirect light, and are happy in any quality of potting soil as long as it is well-draining. These plants are easy to propagate, and you can do this either by water or soil propagation. 

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