How To Make An Orchid Grow A New Spike?

How To Make An Orchid Grow A New Spike

To make your orchid grow a new spike, you need to fertilize the plant every month with a fertilizer specifically for orchids. Cut off the old flower spike using sterilized pruning shears. Cut between the second and third nodes, counting from the bottom. You can also cut the spike half an inch from the base of the plant; this results in better blooms and grows stronger roots. Water the plant when it needs to be watered, which is whenever the potting medium dries out.

Wait until a new leaf has grown before you induce spiking. A new leaf indicates that the plant has recovered and is ready to bloom again.

Place the plant in an area with a lower room temperature – around 55 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit at night. New spikes tend to grow better during the winter. Make sure the plant still gets plenty of bright, indirect light in that spot.

The new spike should appear after about a month, and after a few months, when it is around five inches tall, you can support it with a bamboo stake.

Keep watering the plant as necessary and the spike should have no problem maturing.

In this article, we will discuss more how to properly grow a new spike on your orchid.

Flower spikes

When people talk about orchid stems, they are often referring to orchid spikes.

Flower or orchid spikes are the part of the plant from which the buds and flowers grow.

In case you accidentally cut or break off an orchid spike, there is no need to worry; it does not mean that your orchid will never flower again.

If you accidentally break off a spike, you can save the flower by placing the spike in a vase with water. The lower part of the spike that is still connected to the base of the plant will need to be cut as close to the base as possible so that new growth can replace it.

You can also choose to keep the lower half of the broken spike attached to the plant if you prefer not to wait too long for new blooms. As long as the nodes on the spike are still healthy, the orchid will likely bloom again. But if the spike dies back, it is best to cut it down to the base of the plant and wait for a new spike to grow.

Cutting an orchid spike

It is advisable to cut the spike after all the flowers on that spike have fallen off. The plant is better off focusing its nutrients and energy on growing new spikes, leaves and flowers.

When is the right time to cut a spike?

Even if all your orchid plant has left is the one spike, you can rest assured you will get at least a few months’ worth of flowers. In some orchids, new blooms can keep appearing even after the flowers on the spike have already opened.

Only cut the flower spike after the flowers have died and when no new growth is appearing.

How do you make an orchid grow a new spike?

As mentioned above, if there is no more growth on the spike, that means it is time to cut it off. The best place to cut the spike is half an inch above the last node before the section where the flowers first appeared.

Sterilize your pruning shears or razor blade by dipping them in a cup of rubbing alcohol. Make sure you open and close the blades of the shears a few times to ensure that all the nooks and crannies come into contact with the rubbing alcohol. Let the shears or blade air dry on a paper towel for a few minutes; then you can cut the spike.

Sometimes, if the spike has dried out naturally, you can pull it off of the plant quite easily with little to no resistance.

You also need to cut the entire spike if your orchid looks unhealthy or is showing signs of distress. By cutting the spike off, the plant will concentrate on recovering and growing new leaves and blooms.

You can make sure that your orchid grows a new spike by giving it adequate water, but also take care not to overwater it. You will know whether it is time to water the orchid by touching the potting medium. If the medium is dry, water the orchid, but if the potting medium is still damp, wait one or two days before checking it again.

The humidity around the orchid should be between 50 and 70%. You can increase the humidity by misting the plant with a fine spray a few times a week, keeping your plants close to each other to create a microclimate, placing a pebble tray below the orchid’s pot, or simply using a humidifier to do the work for you.

Fertilize the orchid once a week if there are new growths on it, reducing the frequency as the growths become older. When the orchid is dormant, do not feed them.

Make sure the orchid gets plenty of sunlight. Contrary to popular belief, orchids love a lot of light, as long as it is indirect. They need 12 hours of indirect sunlight a day in order to bloom properly. If you do not get that much natural light where you live, you can always buy a grow light to help your plant out.

Orchids like temperatures between 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit.

Make sure that any pruning tools you use on your orchids are sterilized so that diseases are not passed from infected plants to healthy ones.

Conclusion

Flower spikes are the parts of the orchid plant from which the flower buds grow.

If a spike on your orchid breaks off accidentally or if it dries out naturally, you may need to cut off the remaining half of the spike or pull off the dried spike to induce the growth of a new one.

You can encourage the growth of a new spike by cutting off the spike between the second and third node from the base of the plant. Make sure you water the plant adequately, keep the humidity and temperature at the ideal levels, provide at least 12 hours of indirect sunlight every day, and feed the plant weekly while the spike is growing, tapering the feeding as it matures.

Image: istockphoto.com / Valeriy_G