Monstera adansonii is a vining houseplant with beautiful leaves that have striking fenestrations that help it stand out. This plant is relatively easy to grow and care for.
Plant your Monstera adansonii in a well-draining aroid mix, give it bright, indirect light, the humidity of at least 60%, water it once a week or just enough to keep the soil moist, and keep the ambient temperature between 65 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
You can propagate cuttings from this Monstera using either soil or water.
Keep reading to learn more about how to propagate and care for Monstera adansonii.
Monstera Adansonii Care
Monstera adansonii’s natural habitat are the jungles of Central and South America. This means that they live just below the tree canopy, protected from direct sunlight. The plants that live in our homes will need the same kind of sparse light, so bright, indirect light is ideal for them.
Pick a spot a couple of feet away from an east- or west-facing window, because these windows do not get that much harsh light throughout the day. If you only have south-facing windows, you can try to diffuse the sunlight with a sheer curtain to help protect your plant.
During the winter, when natural light can be scarce and weak, it is a good idea to buy a grow light to supplement the Monstera adansonii’s lighting needs. You can use the grow light even during other seasons, when it will help the plant grow faster.
We mentioned that the Monstera adansonii is relatively easy to grow and care for, but one area that may be a bit tricky to figure out initially is the ideal watering schedule for your plant.
This plant wants its soil to be perpetually moist, but it should never be soggy. Watering once a week for an indoor plant is usually sufficient, as long as you make sure that the soil never dries out.
Remember that this plant is from the jungle and such plants are typically quite thirsty, but you should still know when enough is enough. Drowning the plant’s roots in soggy soil can be detrimental to its overall health. When the roots drown, they will die, and dead roots are susceptible to opportunistic pathogens that can eventually kill the entire plant if the condition goes unchecked.
You can avoid overwatering the plant by using well-draining soil and a pot that has drainage holes at the bottom, so that any excess water in the soil can simply flow out.
To grow your Monstera adansonii, use an aroid mix that contains charcoal, peat moss, perlite and orchid bark. This plant is an epiphyte, which means its roots need to be exposed to the air to a certain extent. Therefore, make sure your soil mix is porous and airy to keep your plant happy.
Keep the soil’s pH between 5.5 and 7.0 in order to maintain a healthy growth rate.
Because these plants come from the jungle, they require a steady temperature that should not go lower than 65 degrees Fahrenheit or exceed 80 degrees Fahrenheit. You might want to keep a wall thermometer to be aware of the current temperature in your home.
If the temperature in the room is too low, the plant’s growth will slow down considerably and it might even start to wilt and die due to the cold. Exposure to cold temperatures for short periods is probably fine, but you need to take the plant to a warmer, indoor place if you do not want it to die back or die.
Plants that come from the jungle naturally prefer a higher humidity level than those from other regions.
You may have to employ a few techniques to raise the humidity in the room where you keep your plant. 90% humidity is best for the plant, but this may be difficult to maintain, especially in a home setting, so just keeping it above 60% will suffice.
You can try misting the plant’s leaves to create a microclimate around it. Do this several times a week as needed. You can also place a water tray next to the plant to help raise the humidity around it.
Another trick is to surround the plant with other plants, so that they all help each other by raising the humidity collectively.
Finally, if you have a hard time keeping track of all these humidity-raising methods, you can always just purchase a humidifier to do the work for you.
If you are growing your adansonii indoors, you may need to use fertilizer. Dilute the fertilizer to half-strength and it should be enough to boost the plant’s growth by helping it produce more chlorophyll. If you do not give the plant fertilizer, its leaves may turn yellow due to a lack of nutrients.
Fertilize the plant once a month in the spring and summer, because this is when the plant is actively growing. Try not to give it too much fertilizer, however, because you might end up burning the roots.
Monstera Adansonii Propagation
Propagating in soil
Make sure you are using a sterile pair of scissors when taking a cutting. The cutting must have a few leaves on it, and should be cut about a quarter-inch below a node. Remove some of the leaves that may be too close to the node because you do not want any leaves to be buried under the soil.
After planting, place the plant in a room where it can get bright, indirect light and try to keep the soil constantly moist, but not soggy.
If you do everything correctly, the roots will grow in and establish nicely within four weeks.
Propagating in water
Take the cutting the same way as for soil propagation, by snipping it a quarter-inch above the node. The node is important because this is where the roots are going to grow from.
Place the cutting in a clear jar of water and make sure the node is submerged. Place the jar in a spot where the plant can get bright, indirect light. Change the water in the jar when it starts to look cloudy, and refill the water if it drops below the node, because the node needs to be underwater all the time.
If you follow these steps correctly, the roots should start to come in after two to three weeks, but you will need to wait a little longer, until the roots are at least three inches long. When the roots are long enough, you can plant the cutting in well-draining soil in a small pot.
Monstera adansonii is a magnificent plant that will add beauty to any space. It is a relatively easy plant to grow and care for, but you may need to be vigilant when it comes to watering.
You can propagate this plant by taking cuttings and growing them in either soil or water.
As long as you provide the plant’s basic needs and try to simulate the conditions of its natural habitat, the jungle, you should have no problem keeping it happy and healthy.
Image: istockphoto.com / Firn