The Peperomia Rana Verde is a hybrid semi-succulent that is a tropical, perennial native of South America.
“Rana verde” literally translates to “green frog” in English, which probably pertains to the fact that the plant’s small, round leaves resemble little green frogs.
The plant has small orange flowers that do not really stand out as much as its pretty, deep green leaves.
This plant is relatively easy to grow and care for, making it a great choice as an indoor plant for novice gardeners.
In this article, we will discuss more about the Peperomia Rana Verde, so if you are thinking of adding this plant to your collection, keep reading.
Features of the Peperomia Rana Verde
Height and weight
The Peperomia Rana Verde only grows to be four to six inches tall, with roughly the same spread. Being quite small, it can easily be moved from one spot to another; it only weighs around one pound when fully grown.
The plant’s leaves stay the same deep green color all year round, provided you give it the proper care. If you notice a change in color, such as yellowing, there is something wrong with your plant that you may need to address.
The plant’s main is round and smooth to the touch, and will branch out up to 12 times. There can be up to 14 leaves on one branch, and the leaves are broad, oval and usually flat. The top side of the leaves is glossy, while the underside is matte. There is also a unique venation pattern on the leaves.
As mentioned above, the flowers of this plant are fairly inconspicuous. The best time to see them is in the summer, when they present as orange spikes that are less than an inch long. They do not have any particular scent.
Because this plant is from South America, it is more at home in tropical climates, but that does not mean you can just leave it out under direct sunlight for long periods. It will dry out and the leaves will become dull. Neither extreme of temperature is appreciated by the plant.
The Peperomia Rana Verde is a semi-succulent, which means that it can tolerate drought better than most other plants, but it is not as drought-resistant as a full succulent such as a cactus. The plant can store water in its stem and leaves, which allows it to stay well-hydrated if you forget to water it for a few days.
This plant is quite small relative to other plants, so do not expect it to undergo too many physical changes within a year. It needs a patient caretaker who understands that its growth depends a lot on its genetics, age and environment.
Another reason this plant is a good choice to keep indoors is the fact that it is non-toxic, which is important especially if you have pets or young children. Still, it is imperative that you keep the plant out of the reach of pets and children, just to be safe.
Peperomia Rana Verde Care Requirements
This plant may come from the warm countries of South America, but it does not actually like being under the sun for very long. In fact, it prefers bright, indirect light in order to thrive. Exposing it to morning sunlight for a couple of hours is sufficient.
If keeping the plant indoors, keep it near an east- or west-facing window. If a south-facing window is all that is available, you can try to diffuse the light using a sheer curtain.
Make sure you turn the plant every couple of days so that all sides of the plant get their fair share of light.
This plant is semi-succulent, which means it can go without water for longer than most plants. Nevertheless, try not to forget to water it when you should.
The best way to know when your plant needs to be watered is to touch the soil in the pot. If the top inch of soil is dry, water the plant, but if the top inch of soil is still damp, wait one or two days before checking it again.
Usually, once-weekly watering is good for the summer, while every two weeks is all it needs during the winter.
You need to be diligent about how you water, because overwatering this plant does way more harm than underwatering. If you let the plant’s root stand in soggy soil for long periods, it can lead to root rot and death.
This plant needs well-draining, airy and porous soil. This is so that the soil does not retain too much moisture and lets excess water flow easily out. The soil should also allow air to flow through and reach the roots. Both these factors are important to avoid root rot.
There are commercially available succulent soil mixes, but you can also make your own mix by combining two parts peat to one part of either sand or perlite. Make sure the soil pH is somewhere between 6.0 and 7.3.
Avoid using plastic, steel or glazed pots. Choose unglazed terracotta or clay, because these are porous materials that will allow air and water to penetrate more easily.
Make sure the pot has drainage holes at the bottom so that any excess water from watering will simply flow out and reduce the risk of overwatering.
As mentioned above, even though this plant is native to South America, it does not do well in constantly hot temperatures. It prefers temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit. Never let the plant stay in an environment that is below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
Try to keep the plant in medium humidity environments. Never let it dry out, but also do not let the humidity get too high. High humidity can make the environment a little too conducive to fungi.
If you need to increase the humidity level, try using a pebble-water tray under the plant’s pot.
This plant prefers a moderate liquid fertilizer once a month during its growth season in the spring and summer. Refrain from fertilizing in the fall or winter. Try not to get any fertilizer on the plant’s leaves, as it can burn the leaves on direct contact.
This plant grows slowly and does not require constant pruning, but you can remove some of its lower branches during the growth season in the spring and summer.
Peperomia Rana Verde Propagation
Propagation using leaves
First, prepare a tray or pot with your soil mix and make sure the gardening tools you are about to use have been sanitized.
Cut off a leaf from the plant using sterile scissors.
You can choose to use the whole leaf or cut the leaf into two. Make a hole in the soil a half-inch deep and put the leaf inside it. Cover the hole with a little soil.
Place the pot or tray in a spot where it can get its ideal temperature and light requirements.
Water as needed and, if you have done everything correctly, it should start sprouting quite soon.
Propagation using stems
This method is easier and has a slightly better success rate than leaf propagation.
Cut off the tip of a stem that is around three inches long. Make sure the stem has some leaves on it.
Have a pot filled with soil mix ready, plant the cutting in a hole in the soil and cover the base with more soil.
Place the pot in a spot that provides the plant’s ideal growing conditions, water as needed, and wait for roots to sprout.
The Peperomia Rana Verde is a small, semi-succulent plant that is low-maintenance, which makes it a good choice for beginner gardeners.
It has beautiful deep green, oval-shaped leaves on short stems.
All this plant needs is well-draining and airy soil, bright indirect light, water when the top inch of soil gets dry, average humidity, temperatures between 65 and 75 degrees Fahrenheit, and a porous pot with sufficient draining holes.
Provided you are able to give the plant these basic needs, you will be rewarded with a gorgeous houseplant that adds sophistication to any space.
Image: istockphoto.com / Jamaludin Yusup