Pothos N Joy vs Pearls and Jade

Pothos N Joy vs Pearls and Jade

The NJoy pothos and the Pearls and Jade pothos are two of the most popular and sought-after pothos varieties on the market. This is not only because of how beautiful they both are, but also because they are both low-maintenance and easy to grow.

To the untrained eye, these two plants may look very similar, seeing as they are both derived from the marble queen pothos, both have been bred to look cute and stunted, and both also have variegation on their leaves. But if you look closely, the NJoy has darker green variegation and whiter leaves, while the Pearls and Jade has more scattered gray, white and green blotches on its leaves.

In this article, we will discuss the differences between these two plants and all you need to know when choosing between them.

If you wish to learn more about either or both plants, keep reading.

Where did these plants come from?

Pothos NJoy

This plant was created through successful breeding with the aim of producing a pothos that had very bright variegation on its leaves. Ashish Arvind Hansoti from Mumbai, India, created the NJoy in 2002 by pairing an unnamed clone of the Marble Queen pothos plant. Since its inception almost two decades ago, several generations of stable NJoy plants have been produced.

Pearls and Jade

The Pearls and Jade pothos was also derived from the Marble Queen, in this case when a Florida research facility induced mutation in Marble Queen cultivars.

What are the differences between NJoy and the Pearls and Jade pothos?

1. Plant structure

NJoy

The NJoy does not grow very fast, and usually only reaches six to 10 inches tall with a spread of 10 to 12 inches. This can also depend on the plant’s surroundings. The branches grow out of the center of the plant, and each shoot-turned-branch can have up to 10 leaves on it. These leaves will start to appear at 20 weeks of age. The older the plant, the shorter the new branches will be.

Pearls and Jade

Structurally, there is little difference between these two plants. The Pearls and Jade is slightly smaller, growing to around 7.5 to 8.5 inches tall, and it has grooved petioles. Its leaves can grow to two inches wide and the stalk can be around eight inches long.

2. Leaves

NJoy

Compared to the Marble Queen, the NJoy has oval-shaped, broader and smaller leaves, with bright variegation. The stems of the plant are darker green and less fragile. The leaves have a creamy white background around green variegation, and it is also not uncommon to see different shades of green on one leaf. The leaves also grow closer to one another.

The texture of the upper and lower leaf surfaces are different, with the top side of the leaf being waxy and smooth and the underside feeling leathery.

Pearls and Jade

In terms of leaf structure, these resemble those of the NJoy except that they have blotches of gray, white and green on the leaves, and the background is not as bright white. The leaves are also more fragile than those of the NJoy, and feel as if they could tear very easily.

3. Blooms

Neither of these plants produces flowers, which is different from naturally-occurring pothos. Wild pothos plants produce flowers when they reach maturity, but because these plants are cultivars, they do not flower.

4. Sheaths

Neither NJoy nor Pearls and Jade have sheaths surrounding their stems, and the stems grow just fine even without the protection of sheaths. In other plants, these sheaths would become bigger as the plant grows, often turning papery and brown.

5. Color of the foliage

As mentioned above, the NJoy has a creamy white background and green variegation. The older the plant gets, the whiter the background becomes. It also helps to give the plant plenty of light if you want the white parts to be more pronounced. If you keep the plant in low light conditions, the leaves will take on more of the green color.

The Pearls and Jade has less white on its leaves, and the differences in the colors of the blotches are more varied.

How to grow these plants

Even if there are noticeable differences in the appearance of these two plants, they still come from the same mother plant, the Marble Queen, so their care and growth requirements are virtually identical.

Watering requirements

Both of these plants appreciate moisture in their growing medium. Remember that there is no set schedule that should be followed with regard to watering. Instead, the best way to know when the plants need to be watered is by touching the top two inches of soil in the pot. If the soil is dry, water the plant, but if it is still damp, wait one or two days before checking it again.

If the foliage on the plant starts to look dry and is turning yellow or brown, you may be underwatering it. Fortunately, all you need to do is increase your watering frequency and you should have the plant back to normal in no time.

The worst mistake a plant owner can make when watering these plants is to overwater them. If the plant is starting to wilt and the leaves are turning yellow or brown, but instead of drying out they feel soft and mushy, then your plant is probably overwatered.

Overwatering can be caused by several factors. It can happen if you leave the plant outside in rainy weather, or you could be watering it more frequently than you should, or you may be using a potting medium that is not well-draining, which allows water to sit in the soil around the roots for long periods. When the roots are constantly in wet soil, they essentially drown and die, and this leads to root rot, caused by pathogens such as fungi and bacteria that attack the compromised roots. The infection will eventually spread to the rest of the plant until the entire plant is affected.

If you suspect that your plant is overwatered, remove it from the pot and wash off as much of the old soil from the roots as you can. Be gentle when you do this, because damaged roots are very fragile and you want to be able to preserve as many roots as you can so that the plant can recover well. Next, inspect the roots and look for brown or black roots. These roots are rotten and you will need to remove them using sterilized pruning shears. Spray the remaining healthy roots with fungicide and allow them to air-dry. When they are dry, take a new pot with drainage holes at the bottom and fill it with fresh potting soil that is loose and well-draining. You can add perlite or coarse sand to the soil to help it drain better. Place the plant in the new pot and make sure you adjust your watering schedule to avoid overwatering again.

Light requirements

Keep these plants where they can get lots of bright, indirect light. As mentioned above, the more light the NJoy gets, the brighter and more pronounced the white parts of the leaves become. This is not to say that you can just leave the plant out under the sun all day, as this will lead to sun damage. Instead, place the plant near a north- or east-facing window. If the only window available is letting in harsh light, place a sheer curtain over the window to diffuse the intensity of the light.

The brighter and healthier the leaves look, the more it means they are getting the right amount of light.

In the winter, when light is scarce, help your plant by using a grow light. Artificial light is just as good as sunlight for your plant, especially when sunlight is not available.

Temperature and humidity

If the plant is kept indoors, it will do just fine at room temperature, provided the temperature does not dip below 50 degrees Fahrenheit for extended periods of time. The ideal temperature, however, is anywhere between 65 and 85 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep the plant away from parts of the house that get directly hit by cold or warm drafts, such as near an air conditioner or a heating vent. This also includes spots near doors and windows, where cold drafts slip through small cracks. Both warm and cold drafts can dry out your plants.

The Marble Queen pothos is a tropical plant, so its cultivars naturally share its humidity preferences. The humidity inside most homes is generally enough for these plants, at 50 to 70 percent, but if you live in a place that is drier than most, you may need to take measures to increase the humidity around the plant.

To do this, you can mist the plant once in a while, or you can place the pot on top of a pebble tray filled with water. As the water from the pebble tray evaporates, it will moisten the leaves and soil in the pot. You can also place the plant near other humidity-loving plants so that they can create a microclimate around each other. Lastly, if you have the means, you can buy a humidifier to automatically regulate the humidity in the room where the plant is kept.

Fertilizer requirements

Use a fertilizer designed specifically for indoor plants, and feed your plant once a month at most. These plants do not really need to be fertilized much because they usually get all they need from the soil, but if you want the plant to be the best it can be, you can fertilize it. Just make sure that you do not overfeed the plant, as this can lead to soil toxicity and a buildup of minerals in the soil. If you think you have given your plant too much fertilizer, simply flush the soil several times with plenty of water to remove any buildup.

Conclusion

The NJoy and the Pearls and Jade pothos are both cultivated from the Marble Queen pothos. The NJoy has more creamy white parts on its leaves, while the Pearls and Jade has a fairly equal distribution of gray, white and green blotches. Structurally, the two are almost identical, with very little difference in the shape and texture of their leaves. They were both bred to be stunted plants, which makes them perfect to keep indoors.

Both plants are relatively low-maintenance and easy to care for. They have beautiful, variegated leaves that light up any room, and they are both great choices as part of your decor or given as a gift. You can never go wrong when choosing either of these two plants, so if you are having a hard time making up your mind, take both these plants home. You know you want to.

Image: istockphoto.com / Firn